Drones for good: Andreas Raptopoulos at TEDxHelvetia

Much has been said about the destructive capabilities of autonomous flying robots — also known as drones — and less about their potential for good.

TEDx speaker Andreas Raptopoulos wants to start that conversation, and at TEDxHelvetia he did, by introducing Matternet — a project designed to use small, flying autonomous robots to deliver medicine to places inaccessible by typical modes of transportation.

From his talk:

One billion people do not have access to all-season roads. One-seventh of the Earth’s population are disconnected from all socioeconomic activity for some part of the year. 

They cannot get medicine reliably. They cannot get goods. They cannot get their goods to market in order to find a sustainable path out of poverty.

Now mainstream thinking suggests that these nations should invest in building roads — following the lead of the developed world. It’s a pretty tall order. It’s estimated that in some countries, it may take them 50 years to catch up…

We saw that and we thought, ‘…There has to be another way.’ So we asked the question, ‘Can these countries leapfrog?’ After all, many of these nations have excellent telecommunications today, but they’ve never put copper lines in the ground. Could we do the same for transportation? We believe we can.

Imagine this scenario: You are in a maternity ward in Mali and you have a newborn in need of urgent medication. What do you do? Well…you place a request by mobile phone; somebody gets that request immediately: that part works. But the medicine may take days to arrive: that’s the part that’s broken.

We believe we can fix this. We believe we can deliver the medicine within hours — or even minutes — with an electric, autonomous, medical supply vehicle…

The beauty of this technology is its autonomy. There’s no pilot needed to fly this vehicle. They fly using GPS waypoints from one landing station to the next. Once they arrive at a landing station, they swap battery and load automatically. This is the heart of our system

It turns out that it’s amazingly cost-effective. In order to transport two kilograms over 10 kilometers, the cost is only 24 cents…

We believe that Matternet can do for the transportation of matter what the Internet did for the flow of information.

Says TED speaker Ray Kurzweil of the project — in conversation with Fast Company, "The developed world has a huge lead over the developing world in infrastructure but our strategy should be to leapfrog these already obsolete and crumbling systems with 21st century solutions. That’s what we did with phone systems as developing societies went right to wireless and will never put in a wired land line system. Bits are already being widely distributed to emerging economies. Matternet will do that for atoms."

Matternet photo via Electronic Products

TEDxKibera, Kevin’s Story

Kevin Otieno is from Kibera, the largest slum in Nairobi, Kenya. Suraj Sudhakar is an Acumen Fellow living in Nairobi.  In 2009, Suraj introduced Kevin to the concept of TED and TEDx, and organized the first TEDxKibera. Their work inspired the launch of the TEDx Activator program, where individuals mentor TEDx events and organizers in developing world communities. Kevin shares his own experience as a TEDx Organizer, and what the experience has brought to his life.

I met Suraj while I was working as a project Manager at Hot Sun Foundation while Suraj was an Acumen Fund Fellow. At the time, the foundation was shooting a feature film (togetherness Supreme) in April 2009 and I was the Casting Director.

After we shot the movie, I was let go as donors had not send funds and I was back to being jobless in the slums of Kibera.

I called Suraj and explained my situation and we started communicating.

I did not know how to use a computer then. I never thought I could do it. Although I am a scriptwriter, I used to handwrite my scripts and give it to somebody to type it for me.

The layoff presented an opportunity for me, as I thought I might have been let go because I didn’t know how to use a computer.

I asked Suraj to help me pay for computer lessons and after much deliberations he advised me to learn computer on my own. At first, I didn’t believe it would work but decided to do it anyways, as Suraj paid for me to sit at a local cyber where I would sit on a computer for three hours learning on my own.

During this period, Suraj shared the idea of TED with eight others and me. At first, as someone from Kibera, it sounded an elite thing but inside I had this conviction that I should give it a try.

After watching the TED talks in a group, Suraj then threw a question to us: “Guys do you think we can organize such an event locally?”  We all agreed in unison that we can. After two weekends of the introduction, our spirits were very high so we put our heads together and went into planning and organizing the event.

Being a filmmaker, I knew my film experience would come in handy at TEDx events. I remember Suraj asking me if people will come and I told him in Kibera if we have money to pay for sitting allowance then we will get more than the number we need. (In Kibera, many NGOs will pay people in the slums to attend their events). But Suraj told me that that is against the policy of TED and that I should only get interested people no matter how few they would be.

We did the first TEDxKibera on 15th August, 2009. We had two HD cameras and my role came out handy as director.

As time went by, many of us, including me, were giving up. I think because we were not accustomed to waiting for what will come. We wanted to see the tangible benefits and we wanted monetary benefits. My six colleagues left.  I remained though, knowing that this is an open gate to filmmaking.

When we held a second TEDxKibera event December same year, I was, by default, the onstage host and I didn’t disappoint. In the back in my mind, I wanted to be behind the camera directing camera people, but it seemed this was also my calling. My new colleagues who joined — Chris, Dennis and Dickson — Suraj, and some of the audience agreed.

The first TEDxKibera we had only 40 people, which majorities were friends but the second TEDxKibera had 96 people. I started getting the power of TEDTalks and the transformation of thinking. As a person who has wanted to change the community, I found that power in TED and TEDx.

To my surprise, people in the slum kept asking me when is another TEDx event? This gave me a resolve to do more TEDx events, in 2010 I was not only the co-organizer but a licensee and onstage host. Though I still went for film projects when called, my heart was also for TEDx programs.

I co-organized TEDx events with Suraj and we spread that to other slums in Nairobi namely Korogocho, Kangemi and Mathare. We went to BabaNdogo in 2011 and Kahawa in 2012. We hosted TEDx events in all these areas with those who have interest in TED and TEDx events.

After seeing our success, TED was mesmerized and wanted to have similar program replicated worldwide and they started a program called TEDx Activator, in which Activator Managers find Activators and teach them how to host TEDx events.

Before selecting these Activators, we looked for those who are passionate in changing their communities and using the power of the ideas worth spreading. They also attended a training meeting where we took them through what is TED and TEDx and what is required of them as Activators. We also took them to  TEDx events that we organized to give them a sense of what happens at a TEDx event.

We had six enthusiastic fellows who had interest out of thirteen:

Sande Wyclife, TEDxKaranja

Chris Makau, TEDxSilanga

Alex Sunguti, TEDxKangemi

Ramadhan Obiero, TEDxBabaNdogo

Godwin Omondi, TEDxMathare

Fredrick Odol, TEDxWendani 

Besides these TEDx events we have also TEDxUmand) and TEDxShuleni which is for schools, as well other TED live streaming events like TEDxChange and TEDxLive.

TEDx has enabled me to meet and interact with the high and mighty locally and internationally – those who I deemed far from my reach because of my socio-eco status. It also has allowed me to travel out of my country for the first time and has given me leadership, organizational and planning skills. 

Visit the TEDxKibera Flickr stream for images from events in Kibera. 

TEDx Teams Up With IDEO to Relaunch “TEDx in a Box” Initiative

TEDx has teamed up with IDEO.org to launch the second phase of the TEDx in a Box initiative, first launched in December of last year.
The IDEO.org team – Emily, Marika and Robin — were excited to work on their first project as IDEO.org fellows:
Emily: “I’m thrilled to be on this project with TEDx. One of my priorities this year with IDEO.org is to get my hands dirty and design tangible and useful things that creates a positive impact on the world.
Marika: “Most projects for poor communities focus on negatives, but this project is inspiring and unique, and focuses on tangible solutions that can be delivered on a really short time frame.
Robin: “I love the challenge of working to help people bring big ideas to communities that are not typically exposed to them.
After interviews with TEDx in a Box event organizers, and countless brainstorming sessions with co workers at IDEO, the IDEO.org team concluded with six key insights to incorporate into the second phase of the box:
They found that TEDx Organizers wanted: support explaining the importance of TEDx to their local community, to cater to bigger audiences, to be able to create their own content, a simpler box technology, help planning the event beyond just setting up the box and an more easily transported box.
With this in mind, they set forth on the “Box’s” second iteration.

The result is a multi-use and adaptable organizational system — with color coded and icon-specific system graphics — that make set-up and implementation of a TEDx event easy.
The package includes a projector, PA system, DVD player, battery, inverter, two camcorders, a power strip, an SD card and a tripod. The system is separated into nine color-coded systems, based on use.
Also included is a Quickstart Guide that visually guides the event organizer on how to charge the system, set it up to watch a TEDTalk and host live speakers, with or without slides. It also includes helpful tips for set-up in rooms with varying degrees of light.

Take a look:

TEDx in a Box from IDEO.org on Vimeo.

The next step? Build a few boxes, and send them out to TEDx communities around the globe.

Follow the IDEO.org fellows on their TEDx in a Box creation journey on the IDEO.org Blog.

With a “TEDx in a Box”, individuals in developing communities are delivered all the resources they need in order to organize a TEDx event — which in its first iteration included Two N8 Nokia phones, preloaded with TEDTalks and capable of recording video, a miniature video projector, audio speakers, a power strip and the TEDx Developing World Toolkit document — packaged in one small, portable box.

The program launched with 10 boxes and events were held in India, Bangladesh, South Africa, Brazil and Ecuador.

Among them were TEDxGawair, an event in the Gawair slum in Dhaka, Bangladesh, organized by Masarat Daod, and TEDxKliptown in South Africa — held in a community that does not have formal housing, running water or electricity.

More information on the program can be found here.